Moche & Chimu

Autor: , 25.4.2013

Na uzemí Truchillo se nacházely dvě významné kultury – starší Moche ( kolem 500 n.l. ) a mladší Chimu ( 1000 – 1470 n.l. ), které zde zanechaly významné památky.

Navštívili jsme Las Huacas del Sol y de la Luna ( chrámy Slunce a Měsíce ). Chrám Slunce je sice větší, ale chrám Měsíce je zajímavější. Je částečně zrekonstruován a na zdech lze vidět barevné ornamenty, na kterých jsou chobotnice, ryby, oči, čelisti pumy,…
Dalším chrámem je La Huaca Arco Iris nebo také La Huaca del Dragon. Rovněž bývá používán název Chrám duhy, neboť ta je stěžejním motivem na zdech velmi dobře zachovaného chrámu. Menším chrámem je La Huaca Esmeralda. Ten je však dosti poničen.
Nejvýznamnější památkou je město z písku Chan Chan ( Slunce Slunce ) s částečně dochovaným komplexem paláce Tschudi. Chan Chan se rozkládal na 28 km2 a byl největší předkolumbovské město Ameriky a největší město z písku na světe. Písek však není trvalý stavební materiál, a tak se dochovaly jen zbytky vysokých zdí. Město se skládalo z devíti „subměst“ a žilo zde kolem 50 tisíc obyvatel.
Nejzajímavější je komplex paláce Tschudi. Prošli jsme veliké ceremoniální náměstí, jehož zdi jsou zdobeny symboly moře – vlnami a rybami. Symboly moře ( ryby, vlny, mořští ptáci, rybářské sítě ) a měsíc byly nejdůležitějšími religiózními symboly a lze je vidět lépe či hůře dochované v dalších částech paláce. Palác Tschudi byl pro nás nejpozoruhodnější památkou v této časti Peru.
Keramiku, nástroje, šperky a další zajímavosti lze vidět ve dvou zdejších muzeích. Z Peru nám toho zbývá již hodně málo – přesun do Limy, návštěva Národního muzea a Muzea zlata a pak jen odlet domů. Už se nám moc stýská po naší holčičce. Za tu dobu začala plynně mluvit…

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